CV and Resume: What is the difference and which one do I need?
When to Use a CV
CVs are used almost exclusively in countries outside of the United States. In Europe, the Middle East, Africa, or Asia, employers may expect to receive a curriculum vitae.
Within the United States, people in academia and medicine tend to use CVs rather than resumes.
CVs are thus used primarily when applying for international, academic, education, scientific or research positions or when applying for fellowships or grants.
What to Include in Your Curriculum Vitae
Like a resume, your curriculum vitae should include your name, contact information, education, skills and experience.
In addition to the basics, a CV includes research and teaching experience, publications, grants and fellowships, professional associations and licenses, awards and other information relevant to the position you are applying for.
Start by making a list of all your background information, and then organise it into categories.
CV and Resume Writing Tips
Whether you are writing a CV or a resume, there are a few helpful rules you should follow.
Match your resume or CV to the position.
This is most important when writing a resume, but it applies to a CV too. Make sure that you highlight your education, work experience, and skills as they relate to the particular industry or job. The aim is for whoever is reading it to quickly spot how you may fit into the job opportunity in question. And to do this, they need to be able to quickly see how what is in your resume or CV ‘matches’ with what they are looking for.
In a CV, for example, if you are applying for a job in education, you might want to put your teaching experience at the top of your CV. In a resume, you might include only the work experience that relates directly to the job you’re applying for.
You can also include keywords from the job description in your resume or CV. This will show the employer that you are an ideal fit for the position.
Use a template.
You may want to use a template to structure your resume or CV. There are lots available online to give you an idea of the layout, but always check to see if there are any specific guidelines that you need to follow in relation to the job, company or institution that you are applying to. Following a template will give your application a clear organisation, which will help the employer to quickly see your qualifications and experience.
Edit, edit, edit.
No matter whether you use a CV or resume, you need to thoroughly edit your document. Make sure there are no spelling or grammatical errors. Also make sure your format is uniform – for example, if you use bullet points in one job description, use the same bullet points in all your job descriptions.